As with human DNA, genetic material obtained from cats contains short tandem repeat (STR) markers that are highly variable among individuals and thus useful in differentiating between animals. As part of a collaboration with the National Institute of Cancer's Laboratory of Genomic Diversity with funding from the National Institute of Justice, NIST helped develop a STR multiplex with a number of cat STR loci. Below is some helpful information developed as part of this collaboration on cat STRs.
Butler, J.M., David, V.A., O’Brien, S.J., Menotti-Raymond, M. (2002) The MeowPlex: a new DNA test using tetranucleotide STR markers for the domestic cat. Profiles in DNA, Promega Corporation, Volume 5, No. 2, pp. 7–10. http://www.promega.com/profiles/502/ProfilesInDNA_502_07.pdf
Menotti-Raymond, M.A., David, V.A., Wachter, L.A., Butler, J.M., O’Brien, S.J. (2005) An STR forensic typing system for genetic individualization of domestic cat (Felis catus) samples. J. Forensic Sci. 50(5): 1061-1070.
Menotti-Raymond, M., David, V.A., Weir, B.S., O'Brien, S.J. (2012) A population genetic database of cat breeds developed in coordination with a domestic cat STR multiplex. J. Forensic Sci. (in press). doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.02040.x [Supplementary tables: Appendix 1, Appendix 2, Appendix 3, Appendix 4, Appendix 5, Appendix 6]
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Last Updated: 01/30/2012