Page last updated: 01/15/2021

Penta D Variants


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Allele Designation

Allele Size

Instrument

Amp Kit*

Contributor

Verification/Conformation Method(s)

Notes

Frequency

1.1

363.27

ABI 310

PP

Jackie Johnson

MO State Highway Patrol Crime Lab

Re-extract and Re-amplify

Convicted Offender

 

1.2

363.56

ABI 310

PP

Jackie Johnson

MO State Highway Patrol Crime Lab

Re-extract and Re-amplify

Convicted Offender

1 in 33739

3 371.6 ABI 3100 PP Jaclyn Garfinkle, Illinois State Police, DNA Indexing Laboratory Re-Amplification, also in multiple samples    
3.4 374.09 ABI 3100 PP Chromosomal Laboratories, Inc. Phoenix, AZ Observed in parent and two children Paternally transferred allele 3

4

375.79

ABI 310

PP

Jackie Johnson

MO State Highway Patrol Crime Lab

Re-extract and Re-amplify

Convicted Offender

 

4 [2] 383.63 ABI 3500 PP21 Massimo Mangiola, Rhode Island Blood Center Re-amplified & re-analyzed Immigration case (10720) 2 in 2730
4.1 377.26 ABI 3100 PP Jaclyn Garfinkle, Illinois State Police, DNA Indexing Laboratory Re-Extraction    
4.2386.39ABI 3500PP21François Chatenay-Lapointe, Rhode Island Blood CenterRe-amplified and Re-analyzedImmigration case.1 in 3830
5.4 384.00 ABI 3130 PP Stacy Bozinovski, Indiana State Police Laboratory Re-amplification    

6

386.23

ABI 3100

PP

Charity Noreuil

 IL State Police DNA Indexing Lab

Re-amplification

Convicted Offender

multiple times

6 [2] 385.02 ABI 3130xl

PP

 

Justin Godgy M U F S C     4
6 [3] 385.14 ABI 3130xl

PP

 

Justin Godgy M U F S C     5
6 [4] 385.05 ABI 3130xl

PP

 

Justin Godgy M U F S C     6
6 [5] 384.92 ABI 3130xl

PP

 

Nicole Hoffman     M U F S C     7
6 [6] 384.97 ABI 3130xl

PP

 

Nicole Hoffman     M U F S C     8
6 [7] 384.61 ABI 3130 PP16HS Nicole Stickle, Indiana State Police Technical review, administrative review hair sample from sweatshirt in a burglary case, no standard to compare it to once

6.4

390.14

ABI 3100

PP

Kelly Carcaise

IL State Police DNA Indexing Lab

Re-amplification

Convicted Offender Sample

1 at time of submission

6.4 [2]

389.49

ABI 310

PP

Jackie Johnson

MO State Highway Patrol

Re-extract and re-amplify

Convicted Offender

1 in 32660

6.4 [3] 397.92 ABI 3500 PP21 Massimo Mangiola, Rhode Island Blood Center Re-amplified & re-analyzed Immigration case (CH) 1 in 2730

7.1

392.13

ABI 3100

PP

Charity Noreuil, IL State Police DNA Indexing Lab

Re-amplification

Convicted Offender Sample

1

7.4

395.10

ABI 3100

PP

Jennifer MacRitchie, IL State Police DNA Indexing Lab

Re-amplification

Conficted Offender Sample

1

7.4 [2]

394.21

ABI 310

PP

Jackie Johnson

MO State Highway Patrol

Re-extract and re-amplify

Convicted Offender

1 in 32660

7.4 [3] 393.92 ABI 3100 PP 16 Laura Kuyper      M U F S C Amplified twice with PP 16    
8.1 395.32 395.19 395.25 ABI 310 PP Paul Gilbert, State of Deleware, OCME Re-amplified and re-analyzed Observed in both reference and evidentiary samples  
8.1 [2]408.43ABI 3500XLFusion 6CMatthew Fisher, Washington State Patrol Crime LabRe-direct amplification
8.2 396.81 ABI 3130 PP Nicole Hoffman       M U F S C     1
8.2 [2] 396.83 ABI 3130xl PP Nicole Hoffman       M U F S C     2
8.4 399.8 ABI 3100/3130XL PP Jaclyn Garfinkle, Illinois State Police, DNA Indexing Laboratory Re-Extraction    

9.1

400.98

ABI 310

PP

Malena B. Jimenez, MO State Highway Patrol

Re-extract and Re-amplify

Convicted Offender

1 in 69600

9.2 402.52 ABI 3100/3130XL PP Jaclyn Garfinkle, Illinois State Police, DNA Indexing Laboratory Re-Amplification, also in multiple samples    
9.2 [2] 401.65 ABI 310 PP Maria Miozzo, Mariana Maxzud, Carla Pacharoni, Silvia Mutal, Nidia Modesti, CEPROCO Argentina Sequenced Population of Cordoba Province from Argentina. Published in J. Forensic Sci 2007;52:1073-1076  
9.2 [3] 401.29 ABI 3100 PP Cantagalli, V.D.; Matsuzaki, L.N.; Coudry,R.A.; Fleury - Medicina e Saude Re-extraction and Re-amplification (two samples from the same patient) Paternity Samples 1 in 7199

9.4

404.70

ABI 3100

PP

Charity Noreuil

IL State Police DNA Indexing Lab

Re-amplification

Convicted Offender

 

9.4 [2] 402.24 ABI 3130 PP Brandt Cassidy, DNA Solutions, Inc, Oklahoma City OK Re-isolate and re-amp Excluded paternity case 1 in 4000

10.1

405.85

ABI 310

PP

Jackie Johnson

MO State Highway Patrol Crime Lab

Re-extract and Re-amplify

Convicted Offender

 

10.1 [2]418.41 bpABI 3500xlPowerPlex Fusion 6CMonica Price, WA State Patrol Crime LabRe-injectionConvicted offender

10.2

406.59

ABI 310

PP

Jackie Johnson

MO State Highway Patrol Crime Lab

Re-extract and Re-amplify

Convicted Offender

 

10.3

408.51

ABI 3100

PP

Cory Formea   

IL State Police DNA Indexing Lab

Re-amplification

Convicted Offender Sample

2 at time of submission

11.1

411.22

ABI 3100

PP

Kerry Reavis

IL State Police Indexing Lab

Re-amplified

Convicted Offender Sample

1 at time of submission

11.1 [2]

410.47

ABI 310

PP

Jackie Johnson

MO State Highway Patrol

Re-extract and re-amplify

Convicted Offender

1 in 32660

11.2

412.16

ABI 3100

PP

Kelly Carcaise

IL State Police DNA Indexing Lab

Re-Amplified

Convicted Offender Sample

1 at time of submission

11.2 [2]

412.13

ABI 310

PP

Angelo ABATI, Institut de Medecine Legale de Liege Belgium

3 amplifications

Convicted Offender

1 in 600

11.2 [3] 412.08 ABI 3100 PP ICMP Re-extraction and amplification or observed intergenerational inheritance Blood reference 1 in 11000
11.3 412.88 ABI 3130XL PP Jaclyn Garfinkle, Illinois State Police, DNA Indexing Laboratory Re-Extraction    
11.3 [2]424.81ABI 3500PowerPlex Fusion 6CKaylene Folks, Washington State Patrol Crime Laboratoryre-injected1
11.4 414.15 ABI 3100/3130XL PP Jaclyn Garfinkle, Illinois State Police, DNA Indexing Laboratory Re-Extraction    
11.4 [2]426.51ABI 3500xl PowerPlex Fusion 6CMonica Price, WA State Patrol Crime Lab Re-direct amp Convicted Offender

12.1

415.17

ABI 310

PP

Jackie Johnson

MO State Highway Patrol

Re-extract and re-amplify

Convicted Offender

 

12.1 [2] 416.13 ABI 3100 PP ICMP Re-extraction and amplification or observed intergenerational inheritance Blood reference 18 in 11000

12.2

417.37

ABI 3100

PP

Cory Formea   

IL State Police DNA Indexing Lab

Re-amplification

Convicted Offender Sample

1 at time of submission

12.2 [2]

416.27

ABI 310

PP

Jackie Johnson

MO State Highway Patrol

Re-extract and re-amplify

Convicted Offender

1 in 32660

12.2 [3] 416.74 ABI 3100 PP ICMP Re-extraction and amplification or observed intergenerational inheritance Blood reference 1 in 11000
12.2 [4] 416.19 ABI 3130 PP Justin Godby M U F S C     1

12.3

417.25

ABI 310

PP

Jackie Johnson

MO State Highway Patrol

Re-extract and re-amplify

Convicted Offender

 

12.4

418.77

ABI 3100

PP

Kelly Carcaise

IL State Police DNA Indexing Lab

Re-Amplified

Convicted Offender Sample

1 at time of submission

12.4 [2]431.83ABI 3500xl PowerPlex Fusion 6CMonica Price, WA State Patrol Crime Lab Re-direct amp Convicted offender
13.1429.13ABI 3500xlVerifiler PlusSimon Knights – Anglia DNA ServicesRe-amplification and re-run on capillary electrophoresisPaternal allele (father unidentified but not present in mother)1

13.2

421.95

ABI 3100

PP

Charity Noreuil, IL State Police DNA Indexing Lab

Re-amplification

 

 

13.3

 

421.83

ABI 310

PP

Malena B. Jimenez, MO State Highway Patrol

Re-extract and Re-amplify

Convicted Offender

1 in 69600

13.4

423.79

ABI 3100

PP

Cory Formea, IL State Police, DNA Indexing Lab

Re-amplification

Convicted Offender

1 at time of submission

 

13.4 [2]

422.85

ABI 310

PP

Jackie Johnson

MO State Highway Patrol

Re-extract and re-amplify

Convicted Offender

1 in 32660

13.4 [3] 422.66 ABI 3130xl PP Justin Godgy M U F S C     2
13.4 [4] 422.67 ABI 3130 PP

Peter M. Schneider

Institute of Legal Medicine

University of Cologne

Repeated extraction & analysis using PP16 kit

 

Sibling case, variant allele not shared by putative brothers

 

quite low ...

14.1

425.86

ABI 3100

PP

Kerry Reavis, IL State Police, DNA Indexing Lab

Re-amplification

Convicted Offender

1 at time of submission

 

14.1 [2]

424.65

ABI 310

PP

Jackie Johnson

MO State Highway Patrol

Re-extract and re-amplify

Convicted Offender

1 in 32660

14.1 [3]

424.57

ABI 310

PP

DNA Solutions

Reisolation and PCR

Passed from Father to Child

1 in 1598

14.1 [4] 424.56 ABI 3100 PP 16 Laura Kuyper      M U F S C Re-amplification s 1   1
14.1 [5] 425.76 ABI 3100 PP ICMP Re-extraction and amplification or observed intergenerational inheritance Blood reference 1 in 11000

14.4

429.05

ABI 3100

PP

Charity Noreuil, IL State Police DNA Indexing Lab

Re-Amplified

Convicted Offender Sample

1 at time of submission

14.4 [2]

429..03

ABI 3100

PP

Jaclyn Garfinkle, IL Sate Police DNA Indexing Lab

Re-amplified

Convicted Offender

1

14.4 [3]

427.93

ABI 310

PP

Jackie Johnson

MO State Highway Patrol

Re-extract and re-amplify

Convicted Offender

1 in 32660

15.1

429.84

ABI 310

PP

Jackie Johnson

MO State Highway Patrol Crime Lab

Re-extract and Re-amplify

Convicted Offender

 

15.4 433.29 ABI 3130XL PP Jaclyn Garfinkle, Illinois State Police, DNA Indexing Laboratory Re-Amplification    
18 444.52 ABI 3100 PP ICMP Re-extraction and amplification or observed intergenerational inheritance Blood reference 12 in 11000
18 [2] 455.59 ABI 3500 PP21 Francois Chatenay-Lapointe, Rhode Island Blood Center Re-amplified and re-analyzed Immigration case 1 in 3266

18 (>17)

443.76

ABI 310

PP

Jackie Johnson

MO State Highway Patrol

Re-extract and re-amplify

Convicted Offender

1 in 32660

19 449.50 ABI 3100 PP ICMP Re-extraction and amplification or observed intergenerational inheritance Blood reference 1 in 11000
19 [2]463.34ABI 3500PowerPlex Fusion 6CErik Hall, St. Louis Metropolitan Police Department Crime LabRe-amplification1
19.4466.38ABI 3130xlPowerPlex Fusion 6CCarlos Flores, Alliance DNA LaboratoryRe-AmplificationImmigration case1
21466.7ABI 3130Huaxia PlatinumYingai Zhang, Xiaohong Wen. Haikou people’s Hospital, Central Laboratory, Haikou, ChinaRe-extraction, re-amplification with Goldeneye 20A, and sequenced on an Illumina nextseq 500.sample from a paternity case (mother and daughter)1
22 (>17)473.25 bpABI 3500XLPowerPlex Fusion 6CMonica Price, WA State Patrol Crime LabRe-direct amplificationConvicted offender

38 reported variants as of 12/30/2016

Tri-Allelic Patterns

Allele Designation

Instrument

Amp Kit*

Contributor

Verification/Conformation Method(s)

Notes

Frequency

2.2, 6, 9 ABI 3130 PP16 HS Silvia Fallas Gonzalez and Maria Jose Pineda Padilla, Laboratorio de Pruebas de Paternidad, Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social Re-amplified sample from a paternity case (child) 1
2.2, 10, 11 ABI 3130 PP 16 Caribbean Genetics Duplicated Paternity Sample 1
8, 9, 13ABI 3500PowerPlex Fusion system and AGCU EX22Dongdong XU, Yun WANG, Huiling YANG, Bing DU. Department of Forensic Medicine of North Sichuan Medical College, ChinaRe-extraction, re-amplification with PowerPlex Fusion system, confirmation with AGCU EX22 (made by AGCU SicenTech Inc.)Paternity Sample( son), Type 21
8, 10, 12 ABI 3100 PP Sun Hongyu, Chen Wenjing, Xue Tianyu. Faculty of Forensic Medicine, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China Re-extraction, re-amplification with PP16, confirmation with singleplex amplification Paternity Samples, Type 2 1 in 28252

8, 10, 13

ABI 310

PP

 

Malena B. Jimenez, MO State Highway Patrol

Re-extract & Re-amplify

Convicted Offender

1 in 69600

9, 10, 10 ABI 3100 PP ICMP Re-extraction and amplification "Double dose" effect with the 10 peak approx. twice the height of the 9, Same sample was triallelic at D21S11 1 in 11000
9, 10, 12 ABI 3100 PP Sun Hongyu, Chen Wenjing, Xue Tianyu. Faculty of Forensic Medicine, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China Re-extraction, re-amplification with PP16, confirmation with singleplex amplification Paternity Samples, Type 2 1 in 28252

 9, 10, 13

ABI 310

PP

Rebecca Wallman, State of Delaware OCME

Re-amplified and re-analyzed

Observed in both known and evidentiary samples

1

9, 11, 12 ABI 3100 PP Sun Hongyu, Chen Wenjing, Xue Tianyu. Faculty of Forensic Medicine, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China Re-extraction, re-amplification with PP16, confirmation with singleplex amplification Paternity Samples, Type 2 1 in 28252

 9, 12, 13

ABI 310

PP

 

Malena B. Jimenez, MO State Highway Patrol

Re-extract & Re-amplify

Convicted Offender

1 in 69600

9, 12, 14 ABI 310 PP Elaine Taylor, Oklahoma City Police Department Duplicated - pattern seen in two question samples and known reference    
10, 11, 13ABI 3500xl PowerPlex Fusion 6CMatthew Fisher, Washington State Patrol Crime LaboratoryRe-amplified and re-analyzedAllele Size: 417.24, 422.30, 432.55 - Convicted Offender1
10, 11, 12ABI 3500xlPowerPlex Fusion 6CMonica Price, WA State Patrol Crime LabRe-direct amplificationConvicted offender, Type 1

10, 12, 13

ABI 310

PP

 

Malena B. Jimenez, MO State Highway Patrol

Re-extract & Re-amplify

Convicted Offender

1 in 69600

10, 13, 14 ABI 3100 PP Sun Hongyu, Chen Wenjing, Xue Tianyu. Faculty of Forensic Medicine, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China Re-extraction, re-amplification with PP16, confirmation with singleplex amplification Paternity Samples, Type 2 1 in 28252
11, 12, 13ABI 3500xlPowerPlex Fusion 6CSarah Ellis North Carolina State Crime Laboratoryre-amplificationReference Sample - Allele Size: (2956, 1316, 766 on first run and 2554, 1245, 727 on re-amp)1
             

12 reported tri-allelic patterns as of 12/30/2016

* Use the following abbreviations for amplification kit names:

 

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Last Updated: 12/30/2016