Y-STR References


Bibliography (see full STR reference list) NOT UPDATED

1168. Aler, M., Gonzalez, A., Brion, M., and Gisbert, M. (2000) Y-chromosome STR haplotypes in a Spanish population sample. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 305-308.

1078. Ambach, E., Parson, W., and Brezinka, C. (2000) Superfecundation and dual paternity in a twin pregnancy ending with placental abruption. J.Forensic Sci. 45(1): 181-183.

1270. Anslinger, K., Keil, W., Weichhold, G., and Eisenmenger, W. (2000) Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in a population sample from Bavaria. Int.J.Legal Med. 113(2): 189-192.

560. Appendix. (1997) Reference tables to: Evaluation of Y-chromosomal STRs: a multicenter study (Kayser, et al.) and Chromosome Y microsatellites: population genetic and evolutionary aspects (de Kniff, et al.). Int.J.Legal Med. 110: 141-149.

1075. Ayub, Q., Mohyuddin, A., Qamar, R., Mazhar, K., Zerjal, T., Mehdi, S. Q., and Tyler-Smith, C. (1-15-2000) Identification and characterisation of novel human Y-chromosomal microsatellites from sequence database information. Nucleic Acids Res. 28(2): e8-

1082. Bamshad, M. J., Watkins, W. S., Dixon, M. E., Jorde, L. B., Rao, B. B., Naidu, J. M., Prasad, B. V., Rasanayagam, A., and Hammer, M. F. (10-15-1998) Female gene flow stratifies Hindu castes. Nature. 395(6703): 651-652.

693. Bender, K., Beller, G., and Lautsch, S. (1998) Tetranucleotide short tandem repeat polymorphisms and their possible mode of origin. Cytogenet.Cell Genet. 80(1-4): 34-36.

1091. Bergen, A. W., Wang, C. Y., Tsai, J., Jefferson, K., Dey, C., Smith, K. D., Park, S. C., Tsai, S. J., and Goldman, D. (1999) An Asian-Native American paternal lineage identified by RPS4Y resequencing and by microsatellite haplotyping. Ann.Hum.Genet. 63 ( Pt 1): 63-80.

917. Bhattacharyya, N. P., Basu, P., Das, M., Pramanik, S., Banerjee, R., Roy, B., Roychoudhury, S., and Majumder, P. P. (1999) Negligible male gene flow across ethnic boundaries in India, revealed by analysis of Y-chromosomal DNA polymorphisms. Genome Res. 9(8): 711-719.

744. Bianchi, N. O., Catanesi, C. I., Baillet, G., Martinez-Marignac, V. L., Bravi, C. M., Vidal-Rioja, L. B., Herrera, R. J., and Lopez-Camelo, J. S. (1998) Characterization of ancestral and derived Y-chromosome haplotypes of New World native populations. Am.J.Hum.Genet. 63(6): 1862-1871.

930. Bosch, E., Calafell, F., Santos, F. R., Perez-Lezaun, A., Comas, D., Benchemsi, N., Tyler-Smith, C., and Bertranpetit, J. (1999) Variation in short tandem repeats is deeply structured by genetic background on the human Y chromosome. Am.J.Hum.Genet. 65(6): 1623-1638.

1114. Brenner, C. H. (2000) Summary of polymorphic STR allele frequencies and Y chromosome haplotype frequencies. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 109-125.

785. Brinkmann, C., Forster, P., Schurenkamp, M., Horst, J., Rolf, B., and Brinkmann, B. (1999) Human Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in a Kurdish population sample. Int.J.Legal Med. 112(3): 181-183.

1157. Brion, M., Lareu, M. V., Pereira, L., Gonzalez-Neira, A., Salas, A., Prata, M. J., Amorim, A., and Carracedo, A. (2000) Y chromosome lineages in Iberians: Contruction of highly informative haplotypes using biallelic markers, STRs, and the minisatellite MSY1. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 263-265.

620. Caglia, A., Dobosz, M., Boschi, I., d'Aloja, E., and Pascali, V. L. (1998) Increased forensic effeciency of a STR-based Y-specific haplotype by addition of the highly polymorphic DYS385 locus. Int.J.Legal Med. 111(3): 142-146.

1260. Carvalho-Silva, D. R. and Pena, S. D. (4-18-2000) Molecular characterization and population study of an X chromosome homolog of the Y-linked microsatellite DYS391. Gene. 247(1-2): 233-240.

1167. Carvalho, M., Anjos, M. J., Andrade, L., Coxinho, C., Corte-Real, F., Gamero, J. J., Vieira, D. N., and Vide, M. C. (2000) Y chromosome polymorphisms: a comparison between Azores and Continental Portuguese sample. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 302-304.

579. Chen, H., Lowther, W., Avramopoulos, D., and Antonarakis, S. E. (1994) Homologous loci DXYS156X and DXYS156Y conatin a polymorphic pentanucleotide repeat (TAAAA)n and map to human X and Y chromosomes. Human Mutation. 4(3): 208-211.

550. Ciminelli, B. M., Pompei, F., Malaspina, P., Hammer, M., Persichetti, P. F., Pignatti, P. F., Palena, A., Anagnou, N., Guanti, G., Jodice, C., Terrenato, L., and Novelletto, A. (1995) Recurrent simple tandem repeat mutations during human Y-chromosome radiation in caucasian subpopulations. J.Mol.Evol. 41(6): 966-973.

921. Cipollaro, M., Di Bernado, G., Forte, A., Galano, G., De Masi, L., Galderisi, U., Guarino, F. M., Angelini, F., and Cascino, A. (1999) Histological analysis and ancient DNA amplification of human bone remains found in caius iulius polybius house in pompeii. Croat.Med.J. 40(3): 392-397.

1093. Cirigliano, V., Sherlock, J., Conway, G., Quilter, C., Rodeck, C., and Adinolfi, M. (1999) Rapid detection of chromosomes X and Y aneuploidies by quantitative fluorescent PCR. Prenat.Diagn. 19(12): 1099-1103.

1068. Cooper, G., Amos, W., Hoffman, D., and Rubinsztein, D. C. (1996) Network analysis of human Y microsatellite haplotypes. Hum.Mol.Genet. 5(11): 1759-1766.

532. Corach, D., Sala, A., Penacino, G., Iannucci, N., Bernardi, P., Doretti, M., Fondebrider, L., Ginarte, A., Inchaurregui, A., Somigliana, C., Turner, S., and Hagelberg, E. (1997) Additional approaches to DNA typing of skeletal remains: The search for "missing" persons killed during the last dictatorship in Argentina. Electrophoresis. 18: 1608-1612.

784. Csete, K., Szabo, A., and Varga, T. (1999) The Y-STRs DYS19 and DYS390 in a south-east Hungarian (Szeged area) population. Int.J.Legal Med. 112(3): 207-208.

553. de Knijff, P., Kayser, M., Caglia, A., Corach, D., Fretwell, N., Gehrig, C., Graziosi, G., Heidorn, F., Herrmann, S., Herzog, B., Hidding, M., Honda, K., Jobling, M., Krawczak, M., Leim, K., Meuser, S., Meyer, E., Oesterreich, W., Pandya, A., Parson, W., Penacino, G., Perez-Lezaun, A., Piccinini, A., Prinz, M., Schmitt, C., Schneider, P. M., Szibor, R., Teifel-Greding, J., Weichhold, G. M., and Roewer, L. (1997) Chromosome Y microsatellites: population genetic and evolutionary aspects. Int.J.Legal Med. 110(3): 134-140.

1142. Decorte, R., Muslumanoglu, M. H., Mahieu, F., Gilissen, A., Cilinger, O., Ataman, C., Artan, S., Xiao, F.-X., Basaran, N., and Cassiman, J.-J. (2000) STR (autosomal and Y-chromosome) analysis reveals geographic differences in the Turkish population. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 215-217.

412. Deka, R., Jin, L., Shriver, M. D., Yu, L. M., Saha, N., Barrantes, R., Chakraborty, R., and Ferrell, R. E. (1996) Dispersion of human Y chromosome haplotypes based on five microsatellites in global populations. Genome Res. 6: 1177-1184.

1108. Dupuy, B. M., Gedde-Dahl, T., and Olaisen, B. (2000) DYS393 and its X chromosome counterpart. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 67-70.

1156. Dupuy, B. M., Andreassen, R., Flones, A. G., Tomassen, K., Egeland, T., and Olaisen, B. (2000) Y chromosome variation in a Norwegian population sample. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 260-262.

748. Forster, P., Kayser, M., Meyer, E., Roewer, L., Pfeiffer, H., Benkmann, H., and Brinkmann, B. (1998) Phylogenetic resolution of complex mutational features at Y-STR DYS390 in Aboriginal Australians and Papuans. Mol.Biol.Evol. 15(9): 1108-1114.

1287. Forster, P., Rohl, A., Lunnemann, P., Brinkmann, C., Zerjal, T., Tyler-Smith, C., and Brinkmann, B. (2000) A Short Tandem Repeat-Based Phylogeny for the Human Y Chromosome. Am.J.Hum.Genet. 67(1): 182-196.

906. Furedi, S., Woller, J., Padar, Z., and Angyal, M. (1999) Y-STR haplotyping in two Hungarian populations. Int.J.Legal Med. 113(1): 38-42.

1122. Furedi, S., Egyed, B., Vandenberghe, A., Angyal, M., Woller, J., and Padar, Z. (2000) Population genetic data on 5 autosomal and 8 Y-chromosomal STR loci in 2 Hungarian populations. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 151-153.

1229. Gehrig, C., Hochmeister, M., and Budowle, B. (2000) Swiss allele frequencies and haplotypes of 7 Y-specific STRs. J.Forensic Sci. 45(2): 436-439.

862. Gene, M., Borrego, N., Xifro, A., Pique, E., Moreno, P., and Huguet, E. (1999) Haplotype frequencies of eight Y-chromosome STR loci in Barcelona (North-East Spain). Int.J.Legal Med. 112: 403-405.

1281. Gonzalez-Neira, A., Gusmao, L., Brion, M., Lareu, M. V., Amorim, A., and Carracedo, A. (5-15-2000) Distribution of Y-chromosome STR defined haplotypes in Iberia. Forensic Sci.Int. 110(2): 117-126.

1186. Gonzalez-Neira, A., Gusmao, L., Barral, S., Lareu, M. V., and Carracedo, A. (2000) Multiplexing Y chromosome STRs: Analysis of artifactual bands and PCR strategies. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 436-438.

1179. Guarducci, S., Ricci, U., Biondi, C., Lapi, E., Cecconi, A., Ricotti, G., Vieri, F., Gori, F., Sereni, A., Ombroni, L., and Giovannucci Uzielli, M. L. (2000) Practical application of DNA study for forensic genetic analysis in complex situations involving presumed incest as cause of Mendelian disorders. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 381-383.

1065. Gusmao, L., Gonzalez-Neira, A., Pestoni, C., Brion, M., Lareu, M. V., and Carracedo, A. (12-20-1999) Robustness of the Y STRs DYS19, DYS389 I and II, DYS390 and DYS393: optimization of a PCR pentaplex. Forensic Sci.Int. 106(3): 163-172.

1107. Gusmao, L., Sanchez-Diz, P., Gonzalez-Neira, A., Brion, M., and Lareu, M. V. (2000) Homologous STRs in the X and Y chromosomes: A contribution to understanding human sexual chromosomes evolution. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 64-66.

1173. Gusmao, L., Amorim, A., Martins, N., Prata, M. J., Gonzalez-Neira, A., Lareu, M. V., and Carracedo, A. (2000) Y chromosome STR haplotypes in Macau (SE China). Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 324-326.

143. Hammer, M. F. and Horai, S. (1995) Y chromosomal DNA variation and the peopling of Japan. Am.J.Hum.Genet. 56: 951-962.

576. Hammer, M. F., Spurdle, A. B., Karafet, T., Bonner, M. R., Wood, E. T., Novelletto, A., Malaspina, P., Mitchell, R. J., Horai, S., Jenkins, T., and Zequra, S. L. (1997) The geographic disribution of human Y-Chromosome variation. Genetics. 145(3): 787-805.

102. Hanaoka, Y. and Minaguchi, K. (1996) Sex determination from blood and teeth by PCR amplification of the alphoid satellite family. J.Forensic Sci. 41(5): 855-858.

1165. Henke, L., Cleef, S., Duelmer, M., and Henke, J. (2000) Segregation of Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 296-298.

1090. Heyer, E., Puymirat, J., Dieltjes, P., Bakker, E., and de Knijff, P. (1997) Estimating Y chromosome specific microsatellite mutation frequencies using deep rooting pedigrees. Hum.Mol.Genet. 6(5): 799-803.

1192. Hidding, M., Schmitt, C., and Staak, M. (2000) Simultaneous amplification of eight STR-loci in two multiplex PCR-systems for typing a compound Y-chromosomal haplotype. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 454-456.

837. Honda, K., Roewer, L., and de Knijff, P. (1999) Male DNA typing from 25-year-old vaginal swabs using Y-chromosomal STR polymorphisms in a retrial request case. J.Forensic Sci. 44(4): 868-872.

787. Horst, B., Eigel, A., Sanguansermsri, T., and Brinkmann, B. (1999) Human Y-chromosomal STR types in north Thailand. Int.J.Legal Med. 112(3): 211-212.

1171. Hou, Y., Wu, J., Li, Y., Zhang, J., and Prinz, M. (2000) Polymorphisms of chromosome Y specific short tandem repeats in a Chinese population. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 315-317.

1084. Hutardo, de Mendoza and Braginski, R. (3-5-1999) Y chromosomes point to Native American Adam. Science. 283(5407): 1439-1440.

1288. Huttley, G. A., Jakobsen, I. B., Wilson, S. R., and Easteal, S. (2000) How important is DNA replication for mutagenesis? Mol.Biol.Evol. 17(6): 929-937.

1193. Ishii, A., Shaler, R., Baum, H., and Prinz, M. (2000) Mulitplex system for Y-STR testing using fluorescent primers: Artefacts caused by female DNA. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 457-459.

411. Jobling, M. A. and Tyler-Smith, C. (1995) Fathers and sons: the Y chromosome and human evolution. Trends Genet. 11(11): 449-456.

1087. Jobling, M. A., Pandya, A., and Tyler-Smith, C. (1997) The Y chromosome in forensic analysis and paternity testing. Int.J.Legal Med. 110(3): 118-124.

908. Jobling, M. A., Williams, G. A., Schiebel, G. A., Pandya, G. A., McElreavey, G. A., Salas, G. A., Rappold, G. A., Affara, N. A., and Tyler-Smith, C. (12-17-1998) A selective difference between human Y-chromosomal DNA haplotypes. Curr.Biol. 8(25): 1391-1394.

907. Jobling, M. A., Heyer, E., Dieltjes, P., and de Knijff, P. (1999) Y-chromosome-specific microsatellite mutation rates re-examined using a minisatellite, MSY1. Hum.Mol.Genet. 8(11): 2117-2120.

1074. Jorde, L. B., Watkins, W. S., Bamshad, M. J., Dixon, M. E., Ricker, C. E., Seielstad, M. T., and Batzer, M. A. (2000) The Distribution of Human Genetic Diversity: A Comparison of Mitochondrial, Autosomal, and Y-Chromosome Data. Am.J.Hum.Genet. 66(3): 979-988.

1049. Junge, A. and Madea, B. (1998) Population studies of the Y-chromosome specific polymorphisms DYS19, DYS389-I + II and DYS390 in a western German population (Rhine area). Advances in Forensic Genetics 7 (1997). 7: 518-520.

839. Junge, A. and Madea, B. (1999) Population studies of the Y-chromosome specific polymorphisms DYS19, DYS389I + II, DYS390, and DYS393 in a Western German population (Bonn area). Forensic Sci.Int. 101(3): 195-201.

1086. Karafet, T., de Knijff, P., Wood, E., Ragland, J., Clark, A., and Hammer, M. F. (1998) Different patterns of variation at the X- and Y-chromosome-linked microsatellite loci DXYS156 and DXYS156Y in human populations. Hum.Biol. 70(6): 979-992.

1073. Karafet, T. M., Zegura, S. L., Posukh, O., Osipova, L., Bergen, A., Long, J., Goldman, D., Klitz, W., Harihara, S., de Knijff, P., Wiebe, V., Griffiths, R. C., Templeton, A. R., and Hammer, M. F. (1999) Ancestral Asian source(s) of new world Y-chromosome founder haplotypes. Am.J.Hum.Genet. 64(3): 817-831.

1097. Kargel, H. J. and Sackewitz, H. (1999) Examples for use of the STR systems in stain assessment with special reference to Y chromosome systems. Arch.Kriminol. 204(5-6): 175-185.

558. Kayser, M., Caglia, A., Corach, D., Fretwell, N., Gehrig, C., Graziosi, G., Heidorn, F., Herrmann, S., Herzog, B., Hidding, M., Honda, K., Jobling, M., Krawczak, M., Leim, K., Meuser, S., Meyer, E., Oesterreich, W., Pandya, A., Parson, W., Penacino, G., Perez-Lezaun, A., Piccinini, A., Prinz, M., Schmitt, C., Schneider, P. M., Szibor, R., Teifel-Greding, J., Weichhold, G. M., de Knijff, P., and Roewer, L. (1997) Evaluation of Y-chromosomal STRs: a multicenter study. Int.J.Legal Med. 110(3): 125-133.

534. Kayser, M., de Knijff, P., Dieltjes, P., Krawczak, M., Nagy, M., Zerjal, T., Pandya, A., Tyler-Smith, C., and Roewer, L. (1997) Applications of microsatellite-based Y chromosome haplotyping. Electrophoresis. 18: 1602-1607.

1046. Kayser, M., Kruger, C., Nagy, M., Geserick, G., de Knijff, P., and Roewer, L. (1998) Y-chromosomal DNA-analysis in paternity testing: experiences and recommendations. Advances in Forensic Genetics 7 (1997). 7: 494-496.

1095. Kayser, M., Roewer, L., Hedman, M., Henke, L., Henke, J., Brauer, S., Kruger, C., Krawczak, M., Nagy, M., Dobosz, T., Szibor, R., de Knijff, P., Stoneking, M., and Sajantila, A. (2000) Characteristics and Frequency of Germline Mutations at Microsatellite Loci from the Human Y Chromosome, as Revealed by Direct Observation in Father/Son Pairs. Am.J.Hum.Genet. 66(5): 1580-1588.

749. Kim, W., Shin, D. J., You, S. A., and Kim, Y. J. (1998) Y-specific DNA polymorphisms of the YAP element and the locus DYS319 in the Korean population. J.Hum.Genet. 43(3): 195-198.

1282. Kim, W., Shin, D. J., Harihara, S., and Kim, Y. J. (2000) Y chromosomal DNA variation in east Asian populations and its potential for inferring the peopling of Korea. J.Hum.Genet. 45(2): 76-83.

1045. Kloosterman, A. D., Pouwels, M., Daselaar, P., and Janssen, H. J. T. (1998) Population genetic study of Y-chromosome specific STR-loci in Dutch caucasians. Advances in Forensic Genetics 7 (1997). 7: 491-493.

1067. Komuro, T., Nakamura, M., Tsutsumi, H., and Mukoyama, R. (1998) Gender determination from dental pulp by using capillary gel electrophoresis of amelogenin locus. J.Forensic Odontostomatol. 16(2): 23-26.

1170. Kupiec, T., Branicki, W., van Mersbergen, C., van Hemert, G., and Kloosterman, A. (2000) Population genetic study of Y chromosome specific STR-loci in a population sample from southern Poland. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 312-314.

802. Lahermo, P., Savaontaus, M.-L., Sistonen, P., Beres, J., de Knijff, P., Aula, P., and Sajantila, A. (1999) Y chromosomal polymorphisms reveal founding lineages in the Finns and the Saami. Eur.J.Hum.Genet. 7(4): 447-458.

422. Lee, S. D. and Lee, J. B. (1996) Allele frequency and its forensic application of STR Y27 in Korean males. J.Korean Med.Sci. 11(5): 386-389.

612. Lell, J. T., Brown, M. D., Schurr, T. G., Sukernik, R. I., Starikovskaya, Y. B., Torroni, A., Moore, L. G., Troup, G. M., and Wallace, D. C. (1997) Y chromosome polymorphisms in Native American and Siberian populations: Identification of Native American Y chromosome haplotypes. Hum.Genet. 100(5-6): 536-543.

656. Lessig, R. and Edelmann, J. (1998) Y chromosome polymorphisms and haplotypes in West Saxony (Germany). Int.J.Legal Med. 111(4): 215-218.

640. Lin, S-J., Ko, Y. H., Wang, W.-P., Lai, M.-D., and Lai, M.-L. (1995) Population genetic study of selected tetranucleotide repeat DNA polymorphisms on chromosomes Y and 12. J.Formos.Med.Assoc. 94(6): 318-321.

627. Lin, S. J., Ko, Y. H., Nakahori, Y., and Nakagome, Y. (1996) Long Y-associated (GATA)n alleles were observed in a few ethnic groups in. Japanese Journal of Human Genetics. 41(2): 243-246.

100. Lin, Z., Kondo, T., Minamino, T., Ohtsuji, M., Nishigami, J., Takayasu, T., Sun, R., and Ohshima, T. (1995) Sex determination by polymerase chain reaction on mummies discovered at Taklamakan desert in 1912. Forensic Sci.Int. 75: 197-205.

808. Lucotte, G. and Loirat, F. (1999) Y-chromosome DNA haplotype 15 in Europe. Hum.Biol. 71(3): 431-437.

1242. Malaspina, P., Ciminelli, B. M., Viggiano, L., Jodice, C., Cruciani, F., Santolamazza, P., Sellitto, D., Scozzari, R., Terrenato, L., Rocchi, M., and Novelletto, A. (1997) Characterization of a small family (CAIII) of microsatellite-containing sequences with X-Y homology. J.Mol.Evol. 44(6): 652-659.

1208. Martin, P., Albarran, C., Garcia, O., Garcia, P., Sancho, M., and Alonso, A. (2000) Application of Y-STR analysis to rape cases that cannot be solved by autosomal STR analysis. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 526-528.

1266. Matsuo, Y., Nishizaki, C., and Drexler, H. G. (1999) Efficient DNA fingerprinting method for the identification of cross- culture contamination of cell lines. Hum.Cell. 12(3): 149-154.

892. Minaguchi, K. (1999) The DYS19 system in the Japanese population and its detection using teeth as a source of DNA. Bull.Tokyo Dent.Coll. 40(1): 21-26.

1088. Mitchell, R. J. and Hammer, M. F. (1996) Human evolution and the Y chromosome. Curr.Opin.Genet.Dev. 6(6): 737-742.

1172. Mukoyama, R., Tsutsumi, H., Komuro, T., and Mukoyama, H. (2000) Allele frequencies of four Y-chromosomal STR loci in Japanese population and their repeat structures. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 318-320.

619. Muller, S., Gomolka, M., and Walter, H. (1994) The Y-specific SSLP of the locus DYS19 in four different European samples. Hum.Hered. 44(5): 298-300.

860. Nata, M., Brinkmann, B., and Rolf, B. (1999) Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in a population from north west Germany. Int.J.Legal Med. 112: 406-408.

98. Neeser, D. and Liechti-Gallati, S. (1995) Sex determination of forensic samples by simultaneous PCR amplification of a-satellite DNA from both the X and Y chromosomes. J.Forensic Sci. 40(2): 239-241.

913. Parra, E., Shriver, M. D., Soemantri, A., McGarvey, S. T., Hundrieser, J., Saha, N., and Deka, R. (1999) Analysis of five Y-specific microsatellite loci in Asian and Pacific populations. Am.J.Phys.Anthropol. 110(1): 1-16.

924. Parra, E., Saha, N., Soemantri, A. G., McGarvey, S. T., Hundrieser, J., Shriver, M. D., and Deka, R. (1999) Genetic variation at 9 autosomal microsatellite loci in Asian and Pacific populations. Hum.Biol. 71(5): 757-779.

709. Pascali, V. L., Dobosz, M., and Brinkmann, B. (1998) Coordinating Y-chromosomal STR research for the courts. Int.J.Legal Med. 112(1): 1-1.

636. Passarino, G., Semino, O., Quintana-Murci, L., Excoffier, L., Hammer, M., and Santachiara-Benerecetti, A. S. (1998) Different genetic components in the Ethiopian population, identified by mtDNA and Y-chromosome polymorphisms. Am.J.Hum.Genet. 62(2): 420-434.

816. Pawlowski, R., Branicki, W., and Kupiec, T. (1999) Y-chromosomal polymorphic loci DYS19, DYS390, DYS393 in a population sample from northern Poland. Electrophoresis. 20(8): 1702-1706.

551. Perez-Lezaun, A., Calafell, F., Seielstad, M., Mateu, E., Comas, D., Bosch, E., and Bertranpetit, J. (1997) Population gentics of Y-chromosome short tandem repeats in humans. J.Mol.Evol. 45(3): 265-270.

803. Perez-Lezaun, A., Calafell, F., Comas, D., Mateu, E., Bosch, E., Martinez-Arias, R., Clarimon, J., Fiori, G., Luiselli, D., Facchini, F., Pettener, D., and Bertranpetit, J. (1999) Sex-specific migration patterns in Central Asian populations, revealed by analysis of y-chromosome short tandem repeats and mtDNA. Am.J.Hum.Genet. 65(1): 208-219.

1027. Pestoni, C., Cal, M. L., Bellas, S., Barral, S., Lareu, M. V., Rodriguez-Calvo, M. S., and Carracedo, A. (1998) Y-chromosome STR haplotypes: construction of allelic ladders, sequencing data, and population data from Galicia (NW Spain). Advances in Forensic Genetics 7 (1997). 7: 421-423.

708. Pestoni, C., Cal, M. L., Lareu, M. V., Rodriguez-Calvo, M. S., and Carracedo, A. (1998) Y chromosome STR haplotypes: genetic and sequencing data of the Galician population (NW Spain). Int.J.Legal Med. 112(1): 15-21.

1163. Phillips, C. P., Thacker, C., Sandher, S., and Syndercombe Court, D. (2000) UK caucasian databases for six Y chromosome STRs. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 290-292.

1155. Previdere, C., Tyler-Smith, C., Grignani, P., and Peloso, G. (2000) Y-chromosomal haploypes and haplogroups in male identification. Progress in Forensic Genetics 8 (1999). 8: 257-259.

468. Prinz, M., Boll, K., Baum, H., and Shaler, B. (1997) Multiplexing of Y chromosome specific STRs and performance for mixed samples. Forensic Sci.Int. 85: 209-218.

486. Prinz, M., Hyde, M., Baum, H., and Shaler, R. (1997) New York City area population data for Y-chromosome specific STRs. Proceedings from the Seventh International Symposium on Human Identification. 170-170.

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